Athena was the Greek virgin goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts and literature. She was the She was the embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity. Other Names : Athina, Athene. The goddess Athena, wearing a helmet. Photograph by Maria Daniels, courtesy of the Dewing Greek Numismatic Foundation. Athena, the goddess of wisdom. Athena or Athene often given the epithet Pallas (/ˈpæləs/; Παλλὰς), is the goddess of wisdom, craft, and war in ancient Greek religion and mythology. In later Metis · Minerva · Interpretatio graeca · Owl of Athena.